The definitive ethnographies of the Kogi are still those of Gerardo Reichel-Dolmatoff, a prolific writer who published most of his work through the University of California, Los Angeles. The following are key articles:-
‘Funerary Customs and Religious Symbolism Among the Kogi’ in Lyon 1974: 290.
Cosmology as ecological analysis: a view from the rain forest’. Man (N.S.) 11, (3), 307-318. 1976.
‘Training for the Priesthood among the Kogi of Colombia’ in Wilbert J. (ed.) Enculturation in Latin America - an anthology. UCLA.1976.
‘The Loom of Life: a Kogi Principle of Integration.’ UCLA 1978.
‘The Great Mother and the Kogi Universe: a concise overview.’ UCLA. 1987.
‘Some Kogi Models of the Beyond.’ UCLA.1982.
‘The Sacred Mountain of Colombian Kogi Indians.’ State University of Groningen, Leiden. 1990.
‘Los Kogi. Una tribu d la Sierra Nevada, en Colombia.’ Revista del Instituto Etnologogico Nacional. Vol. IV, parts 1 & 2. Bogota. 1949-51.
There is also a beautiful book, Indios de Colombia (Villegas editores. 1991) available in either English or Spanish text and illustrated with Reichel-Dolmatoff’s own black and white photographs.
Alan Ereira’s The Heart of the World (J. Cape. 1990) is an account of the making of the film which contains much ethnographic material. It was published in the USA under the title of ‘The Elder Brothers’ and translated into French, German, Italian and Japanese. It has been republished by the Trust as “The Elder Brothers’ Warning”.
Donald Tayler’s The Coming of the Sun - A Prologue to Ika Sacred Narrative (Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford. Monograph No. 7. 1997) concerns itself with the Arhuaco or Ika. The book divides into three sections: 1/ ‘A Mountain People’ gives a short history of the Ika, followed by a longer account of the priesthood and its traditions; 2/ ‘Myths and Laws’ recounts and discusses a number of myths concerning the Creation, loss of innocence etc; and 3/ ‘Patterns and Systems’ is a discussion of the theory of these myths and their value to society. Available from Pitt Rivers Museum, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PP. Price £16.95.
Dr. David J. Wilson, of the Southern Methodist University, has recently published Indigenous South Americans of the Past and Present : An Ecological Perspective (Westview 1999) ‘in which Soto Holguín’s data on Buritaca site and Reichel-Dolmatoff’s on the Kogi are dealt with among many other recent and prehispanic indigenous South American groups.’ This is a comprehensive and exhaustive re-appraisal of South American indigenous cultures. Available from Amazon UK.
Soto Holguin, Alvaro. La ciudad perdida de los Tayrona: Historia de su hallazgo y descubrimiento. Centro de Estudios del Neotropico. 1988. Alvaro Soto headed the Colombian archaeological team that excavated the Lost City.
Preuss, K.T. Forschungsreise zu den Kagaba. 2 vols. Wien. 1926-7.
Julian Steward’s article ‘American Culture History in the Light of South America’ can be found in Patricia Lyon’s Native South Americans - Ethnology of the Least Known Continent (Little, Brown and Co.. Boston/Toronto. 1974).
Peter Bunyard’s article ‘Indigenous Rights - Colombia’s policy for the Amazon’ appears in A Future for the Land (Philip Conford (ed.) Green Books 1992. Ch. 12.).
Victims of Progress (Bodley, John. Mayfield. 1990) is an account, as its title suggests, of the effect of globalisation and modernisation on indigenous societies. Phillip Wearne’s Return of the Indian - Conquest and Revival in the Americas (Cassell.1996) is a more recent publication detailing indigenous response to these effects.
If still available, The Gold of Eldorado (Bray, Warwick. Royal Academy exhibition catalogue. 1978) is informative, well-written and beautifully illustrated.
The Atlas of Ancient America (Coe, M. Snow D. & Benson, E. Facts on File. 1990) comprises maps, text and pictures and has substantial sections on Meso-American and South American cultures at the time of the Spanish Conquest.
A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies by Bartolomé de las Casas has been translated and edited by Nigel Griffin and is available as a Penguin.
Dos colonizaciones del siglo XVIII en la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta José Agustín Blanco B., Archivo General de la Nación (Colombia), 1996
Art and Cultural Heritage Law, Policy and Practice Barbara T. Hoffman OUP 1995 (includes substantial essay by Ramón Gil on Original Law)
Drysdale, Honor (ed.). Guardians of the Sacred Land. Survival International. 1994. Compares the world views of the Arhuaco and the Hopi.
Indians of the Americas. Survival International. 1992. A general account.
Gray, Andrew. The Amerindians of South America. Minority Rights Group Report no. 15.1987. An excellent and detailed account of South American indigenous history since the Conquest.
Wilkie, Dr. Tom. The Gene Hunters. Broadcasting Support Services. 1995. Accompanied the Channel 4 film about the Human Genome Project. DNA samples were taken from the Arhuacos.
Wilson, Richard. Before Columbus. Central TV booklet. Accompanied the TV programme.
Colombia. Political Violence - Myth and Reality. Amnesty International Publications. 1994. An account of the recent Colombian political situation.
Legast, Anne. ‘The Bat in Tairona Art: an under-recognised species’ in Morphy, Howard (ed.). Animals into Art. Unwin Hyman. 1989. The article shows a detailed knowledge of Tairona mythology, placing the bat as represented in pre-Invasion Tairona gold jewellery, ceramics and stone work within that mythology.
The journal Visual Anthropology (vol 6. Harwood Academic Publishers. 1993) contains both Donald Tayler’s review of Alan Ereira’s film ‘From the Heart of the World’ (pp. 219-221) and Graham Townsley’s reply ‘Lost Worlds Found: Advocacy and Film Rhetoric’ (pp. 223-226).
The biosphere reserve of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta Maria C. D. G. Tribin, Guillermo E. Rodríguez N., Maryi Valderrama, UNESCO 1999